Diagnosis and Management of Gastro-pleural Fistula in Metastatic Malignancy.
Gastro-pleural fistula is a rare condition, and the diagnosis can be challenging, as demonstrated in our case. The management is even more complex, with wide gamut of management strategies from more conservative management such as endoscopic closures and minimally invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to open surgical repair. We present the case of a 55-year-old female with metastatic renal cell cancer with prior radiation therapy and cabozantinib treatment who was diagnosed with gastro-pleural fistula after extensive workup. She underwent endoscopic closure and subsequent jejunostomy tube feeding, venting gastrostomy tube, and draining chest tube. Antibiotics and chest tube drainage were primary modalities for treatment of her empyema. Subsequently, she required laparoscopic surgery for fistula repair.