Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis with a splenic abscess.
The case of a 66-year-old woman with untreated diabetes mellitus who was admitted to our hospital with a fever, hypotension and an altered mental status is herein reported. Computed tomography revealed bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis along with a splenic abscess. Blood and urine cultures grew Escherichia coli. Treatment with systemic antibiotics combined with the insertion of percutaneous and renoureteral catheters was successful. The patient was discharged and completed treatment without developing any subsequent complications.